European Digital Rights has recently started a campaign in for the 2014 EP elections entitled “WePromise”. The basis for the campaign is a good one – it proposes a clear and simple charter of digital rights, and then asks for MEP candidates to support it, and for voters to pledge that they will vote for candidates that do support it. I’ve signed the pledge as a voter.
I’ll be voting in the EP elections in Germany, and at the time of writing 7 German candidates have backed the pledge, including 2 from the Grüne (Jan Philipp Albrecht and Reinhard Bütikofer), the party I’d normally support.
The problem is that as a voter I can only cast my vote for a party here, not an individual candidate. It’s the same in the UK and France too. Now, with Bütikofer 4th on the Grüne list, and Jan placed 6th, both should get into the EP again, so I’m sort of safe. But the election system in many EU countries, where lists are closed, prevents pledges like this really working.
Conversely, if we were to look at this from the point of view of a party or an individual candidate on such a closed list, why would I actually want to sign? Yes, if I actually believed in the cause it would be fine, but such a pledge binds the hands of a politician with little guaranteed benefit in return. This, perhaps, is the reason why no candidate from the UK has signed so far.
Of course the calculation is different in countries with open lists – Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark for example – where candidates can differentiate themselves from their parties by committing to things like this, and where candidates low down the lists can theoretically jump up a few places if they say and do the right things. More discussion about election systems for the EP can be found at the end of this Simon Hix EUROPP blog post.
So I wish European Digital Rights all the best with their campaign, if you care about rights online do sign the pledge, but I fear the whole process is blunted by systemic problems with the way representative democracy and election systems for the European Parliament are constructed. If only one day we all could enjoy the benefits of open election lists…